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Measuring blood glucose level is an essential part of diabetes management. It will tell you the effectiveness of your diet and medicines. It will also guide you to readjust your insulin dose.

Glucometer: It is an easy to use tool to check capillary blood glucose level at any time. Use a good quality meter and make sure the test strips match the machine code.

Glucose log book: Every time you check your blood glucose, write it down on a log book or chart with date and time. It will be easy for your doctor to adjust insulin dose after seeing this record.

A1c: It is the average blood glucose over a period of three months. This is useful for doctor to monitor your glucose control with it. But it is of no help in day to day assessment.

Urine glucose: It is easy to check presence of glucose in the urine by using a dipstick.When blood glucose exceeds 180mg/dl, it is excreted in urine.It gives a rough estimate, but it is not very accurate and not recommended by doctors these days.

Ketones: When blood sugar is too high, ketones can be detected in blood and urine. It can lead to an emergency situation known as ketoacidosis.

Hyperglycemia When you feel blood sugar is too high, confirm it by testing and treat it accordingly.

Hypoglycemia Detect symptoms of hypoglycemia early and treat by giving extra carbohydrate snack.

Tight control Tight control means keeping blood glucose within narrow limits at all times.It can lead to frequent attacks of hypoglycemia.Your doctor will decide whether you need a tight control.

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